We begin by expressing our gratitude to the Almighty for leading us to the conclusion of a traumatic and psychologically crushing year 2016. It has been a year of hardship, suffering, stress and despair. There is poverty in the land as well as economic stagnation evidenced by

severe recession drifting precipitously into possible depression. Despite the lack of money or resources, the country is facing galloping inflation, a real case of stagflation with the collapse of the national currency. The upshot is pervasive deprivation which has led to widespread ailments resulting in cardiac arrests, heart failures and sudden deaths among the citizenry.

There is restiveness in the Niger Delta, the provider of the country’s wealth, where militants have rendered crude oil operations unstable, thereby curtailing production, while home based piracy has pilfered the crude destined for export. The result is lack of financial resources to support or sustain the economy or to facilitate implementation of the national budget.

This state of the economy has had a blistering impact on the psyche of the people. Rather than worry about the promotion of our culture and essence, most Nigerians now concern themselves with the basic struggle of feeding themselves, believing that fostering of culture is an unnecessary luxury that the country can ill afford at this point in time. This has negatively impacted various cultural outings and celebrations. For example, the Awka Diocesan Cultural Commission, which had held very successful carnivals attended by thousands of participants in the past, had to cancel this year’s function for lack of sponsors and patronage.

Similarly, our Centre for Igbo Arts and Culture (CIAC) drastically scaled down its yearly activities in deference to the country’s economic slump.

But now should be a veritable time to remind ourselves of who we are and to strengthen our resolve to survive. We are, all the same, encouraged by the lively, colourful and rich celebrations of the Yam Festival in various cities and communities throughout Nigeria and the Diaspora. This appears to be acommemoration that has come to stay with NdiIgbo. From the tempo of activities in the Southeast now heralding the arrival of Christmas, there appears to be a feel of recovery in the air.

An area which continues to prove a challenge is the Fulani herdsmen menace. From various reports in the media, Fulani cattle rearers have caused great havoc in the land. Attacks from these nomads have led to the loss of thousands of lives (men, women and c h i l d r e n ) a n d t h e destruction of farmlands predominantly in the middle belt and southern Nigeria states of Benue,Enugu, Ekiti, Kaduna, Plateau, Kwara, Abia and

Anambra. In fact it has been claimed that the country has suffered more casualties on innocent civilians from herdsmen violence than from Boko Haram. And most of the affected states, particularly the Southeast, have failed to take any proactive action to curtail the nuisance except Ekiti which has enacted a State Grazing Control Law mandating a six month jail term for any herdsman grazing animals in an unauthorized area. Also Benue and Kaduna State Governors appear to be considering similar legislative actions. It is strongly recommended that the Federal Government, which has conspicuously remained silent on this development, takes urgent and firm action towards arresting this dangerous and potentially explosive problem.

Another issue which concerns NdiIgbo in general is the role and performance of Southeast representatives at the National Assembly. In line with observations of one ODINALA 13 author, one wonders whether our leaders are cowards. In the latest Presidency request

to the National Assembly for the Federal Government to borrow US $29.9 billion (about N9 trillion, more than this year’s National Budget), only the Southeast of the six zones of Nigeria, was left out on the projects to be funded and executed from the loan, even though all Nigerians, including Southeast citizens, would be responsible for the loan repayment. But what did our Southeast National Assembly representatives do?  Nothing, until the people from the zone violently protested. Then the Legislators sent a lacklustre and timid emissary to the Presidency, which to date produced no change in the government stance on the matter. One wonders whom these legislators actually represent, their people, their pockets or their selfish agenda. It is time they woke up to their responsibilities.

There is, however, one cheering news for NdiIgbo. In a recent announcement, the British broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has added Igbo as one of the 30 new languages for presenting their programmes. This should be a boost to the promotion of our language and culture.

CIAC w i s h e s t o e n c o u r a g e NdiIgbo, as we did u n d e r t h e successful DSTV c a m p a i g n , to  actively support and promote the new BBC Igbo telecast. We are excited about this new opportunity f o r t h e I g b o essence.

I n o u r u s u a l f o r m a t , O D I N A L A 1 3 presents various topics on burning issues. The cover story on Nigeria Cannot Survive Without The Igbo  by Femi Aribisala, admits that NdiIgbo are the bedrock of Nigeria but they need to speak with one voice for them to actualize their dream of getting presidential position in Nigeria. The Need To Teach Three Major Nigeria’s Indigenous Languages in FCT Primary Schools, a statement by Ezeani Dr J. Kanayo Okoye, is the subject of our Special Report delivered at a Press Conference held at CIAC Headquarters on February 22, 2016, Ezeani used the medium to charge the Federal Government to reinsert the study of indigenous languages in the Country’s education curriculum.

Under the Features Section, Are South East Governors And Leaders Cowards? asked by Steve Oko is the first paper seeking why South-East governors and political leaders have maintained silence in the face of the perceived persecution of their people and on issues affecting the general well-being and welfare of NdiIgbo, contrary to reactions in other geo-political zones. Dr Emma Enekwechi rounds off his Biafra the Federal Government Genocide Against NdiIgbo. He condemns United Nation’s silence as Britain and Nigeria unleashed the worst pogrom on NdiIgbo during the Biafra war, and appeals to the world to lend a helping hand towards actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra. More Biafra To Come, by Theodore Nnachi, frowns at

Biafra groups cropping up just to make money rather than fighting the cause of NdiIgbo. He believes that if Igbos do not rise to speak as one united family, the agitation for new Biafra groups as money ventures  becomes inevitable. For him, unless Igbo land is developed, there will be no peace but more agitation in the South East. Need To Preserving Dying Igbo Customs And Values by Okechukwu Onuegbu, chides NdiIgbo for having little regard for their culture. He cautions Igbo in Diaspora to soft-pedal in their title-taking bastardization which has reduced the authority of the

once revered kingship institution. Acho Orabuchi comes with his rhetoric question: NdiIgbo What Is Your Fate? He laments the deplorable state of the South Eastern States in Nigeria. According to him, NdiIgbo are suffering all kinds of discriminatory actions by the Federal government and have been

Consistently and systematically marginalized simply because they fought a civil war. He is optimistic that a lasting peace will come among NdiIgbo but advises the Federal government to shun tribalism, nepotism and corruption because they are inimical to economic growth.

Our Icon is late Uche Okeke, renowned Nigeria’s Artist, Painter, Professor of Fine Arts and the Uli master, born on 30 April 1933 in Nimo, Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. He earned numerous honours and international awards. Prof Okeke bowed to mother earth on January 5, 2016 after a protracted illness. Under People and Town, Omabe Masquerade Festival of Imufu Community, Enugu State is presented. The community is known for celebrating its rich culture, the Omabe Masquerade, in grand style every five years, witnessed by

thousands of tourists from far and wide. ODINALA 13 presents our usual coverage of Igbo Foods. In this edition, the recipe and process of preparing Ofe Nsala are enlightened. Under Arts, CIAC beams its light on the Osu Caste System. Generally, three classes of people are recognized namely: the “free born” (Diala), the enslaved outcasts  (Osu, Ohu or Oru) and those prone-to-die (Ume). The widespread discrimination directed against the Osu in the past has now ebbed as a result of civilization and Christianity. In fact, many communities have abolished the osu caste system altogether. Other features herein covered include Igbo Proverbs, Igbo Lesson, Straight From the Dailies, Igbo Word Search, Readers’ Reactions to previous

ODINALA editions, Photo Fiesta, Igbo Fashion, ODINALA Magazine Success Story and the CIACAgenda for year 2017. The magazine wraps up with the Interview Segment featuring Chief Chekwas Okorie, former P r e s i d e n t i a l c a n d i d a t e a n d N a t i o n a l C h a i r m a n o f U n i t e d

Progressive Party UPP) after his departure from his other co-founded p ar t y, t h e A l l P r o g r e s s i v e s Grand Alliance (APGA). He is the fourth Nigerian to l a u n c h t w o political parties in his life time. Chief Okorie was a close friend of late Biafra leader, Chief Odimegwu Emeka Ojukwu. We exhort all to pick up copies of ODINALA 13 for you and your loved ones, lovers of the Igbo language, friends and well-wishers. There is no gainsaying that readers are leaders, let us therefore spread the message for promotion and preservation of our culture and tradition. Keep a copy in your library orgenerations yet unborn for their interest and knowledge. By so doing, our children would beproperly groomed to reject the insinuations peddled against NdiIgbo all in the quest to paint them black.

As usual, we look forward to your input and feedback. Ndewo nu! Ka Chineke mezie okwu anyi ma gọzie anyị niile.

 

Ezeani Sir Dr. J. Kanayo Okoye, KSM, KSS
ODINALA Publisher

Anyi na-amalite site n’izipụta ekele anyi nye
Olisebruwa maka i duru anyi na ngwụcha afọ 2016
nke jupụtara na ụnọ mmiri nakwa oke echiche
mgbawa obi. Ọ bụ afọ ihe nhịahụ, ahụhụ, oke
mgbaghari n’enweghi olile anya. Ụbịam dị n’ala
nakwa akụnaụba nọọrọ otu ebe bụ nke oke
ndaghachi azụ akụnaụba zipụtara. N’agbanyeghi e
nweghi ego dị maọbụ ihe mnwe-enwe, obodo a naagabiga
oke mgbago ọnụ ahịa, nke gosipụtara oke
mgbago ọnụ ahia n’enweghi uto akụnaụba site
n’ọdịda ọnụ ego nke obodo.
Ihe o butere bụ oke ụbịam jupụtara ebe niile bụ nke
butere oke ọrịa gazuru ọnụ na-ebute ọrịa nkụchi
obi, ọrịa mmebi obi na ọnwụ mberede n’etiti ụmụ
amaala. E nwere ọgbaghara na Niger Delta,
n’eweta akụnaụba obodo anyi, ebe ndi agha
ọchịchọ ebumnobi megoro mmịpụta mmanụ sitere
n’ala ọ gakata iru ọ gaba azụ, nke butere ndachigha
mmepụta ya, ebe ohi a na-ezu na mmiri zunarigoro
mmanụ ala anyi a kaara i buga mba ofesi. Ihe o
butere bụ e nweghi ego iji kwado maọbụ jigide
akụnaụba maọbụ nyere mmezu amụma mmefu
ego ala anyi aka.
Ọnọdụ akụnaụba a e mebiela ọtụtụ ihe n’echiche
obi ndi mmadu. Karia ma iche maka nkwalite
omenala anyi na abụm ihe anyi bụ, ọtụtụ ndi
Naijiria họọrọ iche etu ha ga-esi nweta ihe ha gaeri,
ma kwenye n’iche maka omenala buụ ihe di
mma a baghi uru nke ala anyi agaghi e menwu ihe
di na ya n’oge di ugbu a. Nke a e metụtara ọtụtụ ihe
ngosi omenala na mmemme. Iji maa atụ,
Kọmishọn Dayọsisi Awka gbasara omenala, nke
merubegoro ihe ngosi omenala nke puku kwuru
puku mmadụ sonyere na ya ọtụtụ afọ gara aga,
biaziri kagbue nke afọ a n’ihi e nwetaghi ndi
nkwado. N’otu aka ahu, ụlọ ọrụ nka n’omenala anyi
(CIAC) ebelatala ọtụtụ ihe ndi nke ha na-eme
n’afọ ebe ọdị ukwuu n’ihi oke ọdịda akụnaụba ala
anyi.
FROM THE DESK OF
THE PUBLISHER
Edemede Nke Onye Mbipụta
Ezeani Sir Dr J. Kanayo Okoye, KSM, KSS
Chairman, Centre for Igbo Arts and Culture
Mana ugbu a ga-abu ezi oge dị mma iji chetara onwe
anyi ndi anyi bụ ma gbasie mkpebi obi anyi ike ị ga
n’iru. N’otu aka ahụ, anyi na-enwe agbamụ ume site na
ọmalicha na nnukwu ihe mmemme iri ji nke a na-eme
n’ọtụtụ obodo nakwa ime-ime obodo n’ala Naijiria
gbaa gburugburu nakwa na mba ndị ọzọ. Nke a dika a
gasi n’ọbụ oke ihe mmemme bụ nke gbanyegoro
mgbọrọgwu n’ime NdiIgbo. Site n’otu ọtụtụ ihe
mmemme si aga n’ala Igbo bụ nke na-ekwupụta
ọbịbịa ekeresimesi, ọ dị ka a ga-asị n’enwere ngosi
mwechighata n’ikuku. Ebe na-aga n’iru na-asa aka mgba bụ ọrụ ọjọọ nke
ndi Fulani na-achi ehi. Site n’ọtụtụ ozi sitere n’ụlọ nta akụkọ di iche
iche, ndi Fulani na-akpa ehi e mebiala ọtụtụ ihe n’ala. Mwakpo ndi a naachi
ehi e butela mbibi ndụ puku kwuru puku mmadu (ụmụ nwoke,
ụ m ụ n w a a n y ị n a ụmụaka) nakwa mmebi ala ubi ndi di na etiti na
ndịda Steeti ala Naijiria nke Benue, Enugu, Ekiti,
Kaduna, Plateau, Kwara, Abia na Anambra.
N’eziokwu, a chọpụtala na ndi mmadu nkịtị nwụgoro
n’obodo a site n’aka ndi ọchị ehi karịrị ndị nwụrụ n’aka
ndi Boko Haram. Ọtụtụ n’ime Steeti ndi ahụ ya bụ ihe
mgbu bịara, tụmadi ndi nke dị na ọdịda anyanwụ, e
nwebeghi ihe ha mere pụtara ihe iji kwụsị ụdịrị
mwakpo ahụ karịa Ekiti nke wepụtagoro amụma iwu
Steeti gbasara otu aga esi achị ụmụ anụmanụ ma
manye nga ọnwa isii nye onye ọ bụla chị ụmụ
anụmanụ ga n’ebe iwu mabidoro. Ọzọkwa, gọvanọ
ndi Benue na Kaduna na-echekwa ị họọrọ nsoro iwu
ahu. Ọ dị oke mkpa ma kwesi e kwesi ka gọọmenti
etiti, bụ nke gbara nnọọ nkiti gbasara ọnọdụ a, zọpụ
ụkwụ ọsọsọ iji gbochibido ajọ nsogbu a pụrụ
mgbawa.
Okwu ọzọ gbasara NdiIgbo niile bụ ọrụ nakwa
agbamụmbọ ndi nnochite anya omebe iwu sitere
ọdịda anyanwu. Dika otu onye ederede na
ODINALA nke iri na ato siri chọpụta, ọ gbagwojuru
anya na ndi ndu anyi ha a bụ ndị ụjọ? N’akwukwo
ikpeazu sitere n’aka onyeisiala e degaara ndi o mebe
iwu maka inye goomenti etiti ikike ibiri ijeri Dollar
kariri iri abuo na iteghete maka oru ndozi obodo, nani
Odida Anyanwu nke mezuru mpaghara isii nke
Naijiria bu nke ya bu mbiri ego maka oru gupuru,
n’agbanyeghi n’obu ndi Naijiria niile, tinyere ndi
sitere Odida Anyanwu, ga-akwughachi ya bu mbiri
go. Mana gini ka ndi nnochite anya anyi mere? O
nweghịị, rue mgbe ndi sitere mpara ahu malitere
mebe oke ụñara iji katọ ya. Mgbe ahu ndi o mebe
iwu were zigara onyeisiala ndi a maghi aka nri na
aka ekpe ha, nke were rue taa, e nwebeghi ihe
mgbanwe o bula o wetara nye ya bu echiche obi
goomenti etiti. O gbaziri ghari ndi o mebe iwu a
na-anochite anya ha, ndi ha, akpa ha maobu
mnweta onwe nani ha. Ugbu a bu oge ha kwesiri
ikuli ma lua oru ha.
O nwere, k’osila di, otu akuko nkasi obi nye
NdiIgbo. N’ọkwa ọhụrụ ha, ulo oru mgbasa ozi
BBC e tinyela Igbo dika otu n’ime asusu iri ato
ohuru ha ga-eji agbasa ozi ha. Nke a g a – a b u i h e
mbanyere ukwu nye nkwalite asusu na omenala anyi.
CIAC na-agbazi NdiIgbo ume, dika anyi siri mee n’oge
agbamumbo gara nke oma ka DSTV kwadosie ike ma
kwalite mgbasa ozi BBC Igbo ohuru. Anyi nwere
n n u k w u a ñ ụ r ị maka onodu oma o h u r u a m a k a
njirimara Igbo.
N’usoro anyi si eme, ODINALA nke iri na ato
weputara otutu isiokwu gbasra okwu akpu n’onu.
Akuko ihu akwukwo maka Naijiria Agaghi
Adịnwu ma e wepụ Igbo nke Femi Aribisala,
kwetara na NdiIgbo bu ide ji ulo Naijiria kama ha
kwesiri iji otu olu ekwu ka ha were mezue
ebumnobi mnweta okwa onyeisiala na Naijiria.
Mkpa Ọ Dị Ịkuzi Asụsụ Naijiria Atọ Kasị Bu
Ibu N’ụlọ Akwụkwọ Prima Dị Na FCT, okwu
nguputa sitere n’aka Ezeani Dokita J. Kanayo
Okoye, bu isiokwu Akuko Puru Iche anyi nke o
guputara n’ogbako ndi nta akuko e mere n’ogige
CIAC na mkpuru abali iri abuo na abuo nke onwa
Februwari, afo 2016, Ezeani ji oge ahu tunye
goomenti etiti atumatu i wechighata omumu asusu
ndi nne n’ime kolikulum agumakwukwo anyi.
N’okpuru ngalaba isiokwu ga, Ndi Govano na
Ndi Ndu Odida Anyanwu A bu Ndi Ujo? nke
Steve Oko jụrụ bụ akwukwo mbu na-aju ihe mere
ndi Govano na ndi ndu sitere Odida Anyanwu jiri
gba nkiti n’ihe oke mmekpa aru a na-emekpa ndi ha
nakwa ihe ndi ozo maka odimma NdiIgbo, n’abughi
otu o di na mpaghara ndi ozo. Dokita Emma
Enekwechi piachitere ederede ya Biafra: Ogbugbu
Mkpochapụ Agbụrụ nke Gọọmenti Etiti Gburu
NdỊigbo. O katoro nkiti ndi mba United Nation gbara
mgbe Briten na Naijiria gburu ogbugbu mkpochapu
NdiIgbo n’ebe okacha di elu n’oge agha Biafra, ma
rio mba uwa ka ha nye aka ihu na mnweta obodo nke
Biafra biara na mmezu. Biafra Ndi Ozo Ga-abia,
nke Theodore Nnachi, gbaruru iru nye otu di iche iche
nke Biafra na-awalite nke ebumnobi ha bu i nweta
ego karia igba mbo maka odi mma NdiIgbo. O
kwenyere n’oburu na NdiIgbo ekunighi were otu olu
ekwu dika otu ezinaulo nwere udo, mwalite otu
Biafra ohuru n’udiri iji kpaa ego ga-abu nke a pughi i
gbochi. N’uche ya, beluso na-ewulitere ala Igbo, a
gaghi e nwe udo kama mmuo mnwere onwe n’odida
anyanwu.
Mkpa Ọ dị I chekwaba Omenala N’elele Igbo Naanwụ
anwụ nke Okechukwu Onuegbu, gbaruru iru
nye NdiIgbo maka e nweghi mmasi maka omenala
ha. O doro ndi Igbo bi na mba uwa aka na nti ka ha
belata otu ha si e meto echimechi nke wetugoro ikike
okwa eze dibu na mbu di ebube. Acho Orabuchi jiri
ajuju ya bia: NdiIgbo Gini Bu Eke Chi Unu? O
kwara ariri maka onodu Steeti ndi di na Naijiria. Dika
o siri kwue, NdiIgbo na-ata ahuhu akpamoke di iche
iche n’aka goomenti etiti, a biakwa were nkata ojoo a
kpara nke oma were na-emegbu ha nani maka na ha
luru agha. O nwere olile anya n’udo ga-ato ato ga-adi
n’etiti NdiIgbo kama dua goomenti etiti odu
k’okwusi akpamoke agburu, mmenyere nani umunne
na mpu na aghugho n’ihi na ha bu aka mgba nye uto
akunauba.
Onye Puru Iche anyi bu Uche Okeke lagoro mmuo,
onye oru nka Naijiria ama-ama, ote ihe, Oka mmuta
Nka nakwa nna ukwu Uli, a muru ya na mkpuru abali
iri ato nke onwa Eprel, n’afo 1933 na Nimo, okpuru
ochichi Njikoka di na Steeti Anambra. O nwetara
otutu nzere na nturu ugo. Oka mmuta Okeke nwuru
na mkpuru abali ise nke onwa mbu, n’afo 2016 mgbe
o riasiri aru otutu mgbe. N’okpuru Ndi Mmadu na
Obodo, Mmemme Mmanwu Omabe nke obodo
Imufu, Steeti Enugu k’eweputara. Obodo a bu nke e
jiri imerube ihe mmemme omenala ha puru iche were
mara, mmanwu Omabe, afo ise o bula, nke puku
kwuru puku ndi mmadu sitere ebe di iche iche na-abia
e sonye.
ODINALA nke iri na ato weputara Erimeri Igbo
dika o si adi. N’agba nke a, otu n’uzo eji esi Ofe Nsala
k’achikobara. N’okpuru Nka, CIAC gbara oku ya
n’ihe gbasara Usoro Osu. E nwere ogo mmadu ato a
matara bu: Diala, Osu, Ohu maobu Oru nakwa Ume.
Ikpa oke n’etiti osu bu nke gazuru onu na mgbe gara aga
adanyuola ugbu a n’ihi uto obodo nakwa obibia
ekpemekpe uka Kraist. N’eziokwu, otutu obodo e
mebiela usoro osu kpam-kpam.
Isiokwu ndi ozo e weputara ebe a gunyere Ilu Igbo,
Omumu Igbo, Site n’akwukwo Nta Akuko, Oru
Uburu Igbo, Nzachigha Ndi Oguu site n’agba
ODINALA nke gara aga, Esere Foto, Ekike Igbo,
Akụkọ Agam N’iru Akwukwo ODINALA nakwa
Amuma Oru CIAC maka afo 2017.
E ji Igba Ajuju Onu a gbara Chekwas Okorie, onye
zoburu okwa onyeisiala nakwa onyeisi otu okwe ndoron
d o r o U P P p i a c h i t e akwukwo a. O bu n w a f oN a i j i r i a
nke ano weputara otu okwe n d o r o – n d o r o
abuo na n d u y a .
C h i e f Okorie bu ezi enyi onye ndu
Biafra lagoro mmuo, Chief Odimegwu Emeka Ojukwu.
Anyi na-agba onye o bula ume i zuru akwukwo
ODINALA NKE IRI NA ATO maka gin a ndi i huru
n’anya, ndi huru asusu Igbo n’anya, ndi enyi na ndi
echiche obi oma. Mgbagha o bula a dighi ya na ndi oguu
bu ndi ndu, ka anyi gbasazie ya bu ozi maka nkwalite na
nchekwaba omenala na odinala anyi. Dewe o pekata
mpe otu n’ime ọba akwukwo gi maka ụmụ- ụmụ anyi
n’ọdịniru maka mmasị na mmụta ha. N’ime nke a, ụmụ
anyị ga-abụ ndi a zulitere nke ọma nke ga-eme ka ha jụ
okwu asi niile ndi ahụ e kwuru megide NdiIgbo nani iji
tee ha unyi n’iru.
Dika o si adị, anyi na-atụ anya atụmatụ nakwa
nzaghachi gị. Ndewo nu! Ka Chineke mezie okwu anyi ma gọzie
anyi niile.
Ezeani Sir Dọkịta J. Kanayo Okoye, KSM, KSS
Onye mbipụta ODINALA

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